Ultrasound imaging, also called sonography, involves exposing part of the body to high-frequency sound waves to produce pictures of the inside of the body. Ultrasound examinations do not use ionizing radiation (as used in X-rays). Because ultrasound images are captured in real-time, they can show the structure and movement of the body's internal organs, as well as blood flowing through arteries and veins.
Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DBT/3D) & Breast Ultrasound
Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DBT/3D) mammography and diagnostic ultrasound are offered through the Women's Breast & Imaging Center and Rancho San Antonio Medical Center. Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DBT/3D) mammography provides a high quality series of images for the radiologist to review. The images can be manipulated and/or compressed into High Definition (HD) images, allowing for greater detail. This process allows the radiologist to see subtle changes which may be associated with an early sign of breast cancer.
Breast ultrasound used in conjunction with mammography, or as standalone imaging of the breast, is a valuable tool that is non-invasive. Breast ultrasound is often used to look closer at an area of concern seen in mammography and is particularly helpful for women with dense breast tissue.
Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA or DEXA)
Stereotactic Core Breast Biopsy, Ultrasound Core Breast Biopsy and Preoperative Localizations
Stereotactic and ultrasound core breast biopsies are minimally invasive procedures to obtain tissue from an area seen either by mammography or by ultrasound of the breast.
Stereotactic core breast biopsy - this procedure is performed in either Full Field Digital (FFDM) or in Digital Breast Tomosynthesis. The patient is lying on their abdomen and the breast is gently compressed similar to a mammogram. The imaging is obtained in different angles, to determine the coordinates of where the lesion is located within the breast. The radiologist will then remove a small portion of the lesion to be sent to pathology for diagnosis.
Ultrasound core breast biopsy - performed under ultrasound guidance and similar to the original ultrasound, the radiologist uses a specialized handheld device to take a small sample of the lesion to send to pathology for diagnosis.
These procedures are performed as outpatient services at the Women's Breast & Imaging Center by a radiologist with a specialty in breast health care and diagnosis. Patients generally return to normal routines within a day or two.